diseases

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

What Is Macular Degeneration? Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. But your Read More…

Albinism

What Is Albinism? When someone has albinism, their body has trouble creating pigment. Pigment is the material in the body that produces color. Albinism is a hereditary condition, which means it’s passed from parent to child. People with albinism have a reduced amount or absence of pigment in their eyes, Read More…

Amblyopia

Amblyopia: What Is Lazy Eye? Amblyopia is when vision in one or both eyes does not develop properly during childhood. It is sometimes called lazy eye. Amblyopia is a common problem in babies and young children. A child’s vision develops in the first few years of life. It is important Read More…

Anisocoria

What Is Anisocoria? Anisocoria is when your eye’s pupils are not the same size. The pupil allows light to enter the eye so that you can see. Anyone can have pupils that differ in size with no problems. In fact, one out of five people have pupils that are normally different sizes. Read More…

Astigmatism

What Is Astigmatism? Astigmatism is an imperfection in the curvature of your eye’s cornea or lens. Normally, the cornea and lens are smooth and curved equally in all directions. This helps to focus light rays sharply onto the retina at the back of your eye. If your cornea or lens Read More…

Bacterial Keratitis

What Is Bacterial Keratitis? Bacterial keratitis is an infection of the cornea. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped window of the front of your eye. Bacterial keratitis usually develops quickly. Left untreated it can cause blindness. There are many different bacteria that cause keratitis. The two bacteria most commonly responsible for this type Read More…

Bell’s Palsy

What Is Bell’s Palsy? Bell’s palsy is a nerve problem that affects the muscles of your face. It causes weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles on one side of your face. With Bell’s palsy, your eyelid may not close properly and your smile may seem uneven. Bell’s palsy usually Read More…

Black Eye

What Is a Black Eye? Black eye is a phrase used to describe bruising around the eye due to an injury to the face or the head. Blood and other fluids collect in the space around the eye, causing swelling and dark bruising in the tissue. When there is trauma Read More…

Blepharitis

What Is Blepharitis? Blepharitis is when you have bacteria and oily flakes at the base of your eyelashes. Your eyelids are red, swollen, or feel like they are burning. Blepharitis is very common, especially among people who have oily skin, dandruff or dry eyes. What Causes Blepharitis? Everyone has some bacteria on their skin. Some Read More…

Blocked Tear Duct

What Is a Blocked Tear Duct? A blocked tear duct is when the eye’s drainage system for tears is either partially or completely obstructed. Tears cannot drain normally, causing a watery, irritated or chronically infected eye. Most of your tears come from your lacrimal glands, which are located above each Read More…

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